WHATS YOUR TYPE?
Typography, is defined by a typeface which is a set of characters that share common design features. Every typeface is designed, and there are thousands of different typefaces in existence, with new ones being developed constantly.
The old-age art and craft of designing typefaces is called type design. Designers of typefaces are called type designers, and in digital typography, type designers are sometimes also referred to as font developers or font designers.
Historically, fonts came in specific sizes determining the size of characters, and in quantities of sorts or number of each letter provided. The design of characters in a font took into account all these factors.
The distinction between font and typeface is that a font designates a specific member of a type family such as roman, boldface, or italic type, while typeface designates a consistent visual appearance or style which can be a “family” or related set of fonts. For example, a given typeface such as Arial may include Roman, bold, and italic fonts.
Type design is performed by a type designer. Although recently there have been many amateur typefaces available on CDs in batches of hundreds, type design remains an artistic profession of applied art comparable with architecture. Type design, along with architecture, is one of the arts in which the concept of postmodernism best figures.
Choosing, matching and adapting fonts is probably one of the biggest tasks of any design project and, and as with most design projects, organisation and a sound knowledge of typefaces and how they are organised into font families and groups will give you a head start when it comes to tackling your own design projects.
Every typeface is a collection of glyphs, each of which represents an individual letter, number, punctuation mark, or other symbol. The same glyph may be used for characters from different scripts, e.g. Roman uppercase A looks the same as Cyrillic uppercase А and Greek uppercase alpha. There are typefaces tailored for special applications, such as map-making or astrology and mathematics.
The term typeface is frequently confused with the term font. Before the advent of digital typography and desktop publishing, the two terms had a more clearly defined meaning. In professional typography, the term typeface is not interchangeable with the word font, which was historically defined as a given alphabet and its associated characters in a single size.
TYPOGRAPHY ON THE WEB
Since the introduction of Internet Explorer 4, font embedding employing EOT had been used mainly for displaying characters in writing systems which are not supported by default fonts.
Web typography refers to the use of fonts on the World Wide Web. When HTML was first created, font faces and styles were controlled exclusively by the settings of each Web browser. There was no mechanism for individual Web pages to control font display until Netscape introduced the tag in 1995, which was then standardized in the HTML 2 specification.
However, the font specified by the tag had to be installed on the user’s computer or a fallback font, such as a browser’s default sans-serif or monospace font, would be used. The first Cascading Style Sheets specification was published in 1996 and provided the same capabilities.
In order to give Web designers some control over the appearance of fonts on their Web pages even when the specified fonts are not available, the CSS specification allows the use of several generic font families. These families are designed to split fonts into several categories based on their general appearance.
Regardless of the method used to specify type design, characters of different sizes have slightly different shapes for improved clarity and, above all, artistic consistency. Being able to choose the proper set of fonts and working with type is fun but can be daunting if you don’t plan your project carefully.
Begin by thinking about the style of font for the task at hand, or use the fonts you have chosen within the proper ratios. And, above all, keep in mind that rules are there to be broken. If it looks good, then it is good!
In this article we have tallied up 35 New Fonts for Designers and lay-users alike for use within your next design project.